YIELD OF Coffea arabica GRAFTED ONTO Coffea canephora IN SOILS INFESTED WITH NEMATODES IN MEXICO

Francisco Javier López García, Juan Guillermo Cruz Castillo

Abstract


The total of three consecutive years of fruit production was evaluated in six coffee cultivars (Coffea arabica L.) propagated by seed and grafted onto Robusta (Coffea canephora var. Robusta). The plantations were established at 640 m, 920 m, and 1340 m altitude in the central region of the Veracruz State, Mexico. The coffea plants were established in soils naturally infested with nematodes. Grafted plants had higher production than those propagated by seed. Fruit production was higher at 640 m and 920 m than at 1340 m for the two types of propagation. The cultivars Colombia Brote Café and Colombia Brote Verde had the highest fruit yield regardless of the propagation methods; in contrast, Pacamara, had the lowest. The grafted coffee plants that were planted at 1340 m had a yield reduction of 27% in comparison with those at 640 and 920 m. When the Costa Rica 95 variety was grafted, it achieved fruit yield similar to Colombia Brote Verde and Colombia Brote Café. Pacamara produced almost 28% more fruit when it was grafted onto Robusta.

Keywords


Variety x environment interaction, Robusta, coffee cherry production, Coffea environments.

Full Text:

PDF

References


ANZUETO, F. et al. Resistance to Meloidogyne incognita in Ethiopian Coffea arabica accessions. Euphytica, v. 118, p. 1-8, 2001.

BARBOSA, D. H. S. G.; SOUZA, R.M.; VIEIRA, H.D.; Field assessment of coffee (Coffea arabica L.) cultivars in Meloidogyne exigua-infested or -free fields in Rio de Janeiro State, Brazil. Crop Protection, v. 29, p. 175-177, 2010.

BARRAGÁN, G.,M. LÓPEZ, G.,F.J., MARBAN, M.,N. Evaluación de germoplasma de (Coffea arabica L. y C. canephora) a fitonematodos agalladores lesionadores en Huatusco, Veracruz, México. Resumen

XXVII Congreso Nacional de la Sociedad Mexicana de Fitopatología A.C. Puerto Vallarta, Jalisco, México, 2000.

BERTRAND, B.; ETIENNE, H.; ESKES, A. Growth, production, and bean quality of Coffea arabica as affected by interspecific grafting: consequences for rootstock breeding. HortScience, v. 36, n. 2, p. 269–273, 2001.

BERTRAND, B. et al. Genetic study of Coffea canephora coffee tree resistance to Meloidogyne incognita nematodes in Guatemala and Meloidogyne sp. nematodes in El Salvador for selection of rootstock varieties in Central America. Euphytica, v. 113, n. 2, p. 79-86, 2000.

BRAND, D. et al. Development of a bionematicide with Paecilomyces lilacinus to Control Meloidogyne incognita, Applied Biochemistry and Biotechnology, v. 118, p. 81-88, 2004.

CASTRO-CAICEDO, B.L.; CORTINA-GUERRERO, H.A.; SÁNCHEZ-ARCINIEGAS, P.M. Evaluación de injertos de café sobre patrones resistentes a Ceratosystis fimbriata Ell. Halts. Hunt. Cenicafé, v. 6, n. 1, p. 46-54, 2010.

DAMATTA, F.M.; COCHICHO, R.J.D. Impacts of drought and temperature stress on coffee physiology and production: a review. Brazilian Journal of Plant Physiology, v. 18, n. 1, p. 55-81, 2006.

DI RIENZO J. A. et al. InfoStat versión 2016. Grupo InfoStat, FCA, Uni¬versidad Nacional de Córdoba, Argentina. 2016

ETIENNE H. et al. Biotechnological applications for the improvement of coffee (Coffea arabica L.). In Vitro Cell and Developmental Biology-Plant, v. 38, p. 129–138, 2002.

FAHL J. et al. Gas exchange, growth, yield and beverage quality of Coffea arabica cultivars grafted on to C. canephora and C. congensis. Experimental Agriculture, v. 37, n. 2, p. 241-252, 2001.

GARCÍA, L. J. C.; ELÍAS POSADA SH. E. H.; ANTONIO SALAZAR, V. F.A. Factores de producción que influyen en la respuesta de genotipos de Coffea arabica L. bajo diversas condiciones ambientales de Colombia. Cenicafé, v. 66. n. 2, p. 30-57, 2015.

LÓPEZ, B. E. A.; GONZÁLEZ, R. B. H. Diseño y análisis de experimentos

fundamentos y aplicaciones en agronomía. Universidad de San Carlos de Guatemala Facultad de Agronomía. 240 p., 2014.

LÓPEZ-GARCÍA, F. J.; ESCAMILLA-PRADO E.; ZAMARRIPA-COLMENERO, A.; CRUZ-CASTILLO, J.G. Producción y calidad en variedades de café (Coffea arabica L.) en Veracruz, México. Revista de Fitotecnia Mexicana, v. 39, n. 3, p. 297-304, 2016.

LÓPEZ-LIMA, D. et al. Corky-root symptoms for coffee in central Veracruz are linked to the root-knot nematode Meloidogyne paranaensis, a new report for Mexico. EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF PLANT PATHOLOGY, v. 141, n. 3, p. 623-629, 2015.

MARBÁN-MENDOZA N. Nematodes Management in Coffee Production Systems. In: Ciancio A., Mukerji K. (eds) Integrated Management of Fruit Crops Nematodes. Integrated Management of Plant Pests and Diseases, v. 4. Springer, Dordrecht. 2009.

ORISAJO, S. B.; FADEMI, O. A. Plant-parasitic nematodes associated with coffee in Nigeria. International Journal of Science and Nature, v. 3, n. 4, p. 768-772, 2012.

OVALLE-RIVERA O. et al. Projected Shifts in Coffea arabica Suitability among Major Global Producing Regions Due to Climate Change. PLoS ONE, v. 10, n. 4, p. e0124155, 2015.

PAIVA F. R. et al. Comportamento de cultivares de cafeeiros C. Arabica L. enxertados sobre cultivar ‘Apoatã IAC 2258’ (Coffea canephora). Ciência Rural, v. 42, n 7, p. 1155-1160, 2012.

PALLIOTTI, A.; PONI, S.; SILVESTRONI, O. Manuale di viticoltura. Edagricole. New Business Media. p. 203-224. ISBN 978-88-506-5533-5, 2018.

PRAWOTO, A. A.; YULIASMARA F. Effect of Rootstocks on Growth, Yield and Bean Quality of Coffea canephora Clones. Journal of Agricultural Science and Technology, v. 3, p. 429-438, 2013.

REYES G. F. et al. Evaluación de productividad, calidad física y sensorial del grano del café (Coffea arabica L.), en cafetos injertados en el CRUO, Huatusco, Veracruz. Revista de Geografía Agrícola, v. 56, p. 45-53, 2016.

SANTANA-GOMES, S DE M. et al. Mineral nutrition in the control of nematodes. African Journal of Agricultural Research, v. 8, n. 21, p. 2413-2420, 2013.

SANTOS, H.F. et al. Initial productive performance of coffee progenies in an area infested by Meloidogyne paranaensis. Coffee Science, Lavras, v. 13, n. 4, p. 530 - 538, oct./dec. 2018.

VAAST, P. et al. Fruit load and branch ring-barking affect carbon allocation and photosynthesis of leaf and fruit of Coffea arabica in the field. Tree Physiology, v. 25, n. 6, p. 753-760, 2005.

VAAST P.et al. Fruit thinning and shade improve bean characteristics and beverage quality of coffee (Coffea arabica L.) under optimal conditions. Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture, v. 86, n. 2, p. 197-204, 2006.

VILLAIN, L.; et al. Effect of grafting and nematicide treatments on damage by root-lesion nematodes (Pratylenchus spp.) to Coffea arabica L. in Guatemala. Nematropica, v. 30, n. 1, p. 87-100, 2000.

WAMATU, J.N.; THOMAS, E.; PIEPHO, H.P. Responses of different arabica coffee (Coffea arabica L.) clones to varied environmental conditions. Euphytica, v. 129, p. 175–182, 2003.

WANG, K. H.; SIPES, B.S.; SCHMITT, P. Crotalaria as a cover crop for nematode management: A review. Nematropica, v. 32, p. 35-57, 2002.

WEVERTON P. R. et al. Physiological aspects, growth and yield of Coffea spp. in areas of high altitude. Australian Journal of Crop Science, v. 10. n. 5, p. 666-674, 2016.

ZHANG, F.; SCHMITT, D.P. Spatial-temporal Patterns of Meloidogyne konaensis on Coffee in Hawaii. Journal of Nematology, v. 27, n. 1, p. 109-113, 1995.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.25186/cs.v14i3.1579

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.