Sensory analysis and mid-infrared spectroscopy for discriminating roasted specialty coffees

Authors

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.25186/.v16i.1878

Abstract

In general, the process of roasting coffee uses a rotated fix drum or fluidized bed. Theoretically, the fluidized bed can provide more homogenous roastings throughout the process. Thus, in this study, we analyzed the sensorial and chemical attributes for two different coffees submitted to three roasting profiles using fluidized bed roaster. The coffees were roasted for a high temperature for a short time (HTST), medium temperature for a medium time (MTMT), and low temperature for a long time (LTLT). Sensory analysis was performed on the roasted coffees according to the SCA methodology and chemical analysis through mid-infrared spectroscopy. The results of sensory analysis indicated a preference for MTMT roasting for coffee grown at high altitude and HTST roasting for coffee grown at low altitude. Chemically, coffees show that LTLT and MTMT roasts are most distant from each other in their chemical composition when roasting low altitude coffee, whereas the HTST and MTMT roasts are the most distant from each other when roasting high altitude coffee.

Key words: Arabica coffee; Coffee roasting; Infrared spectroscopy; Specialty coffee.

Author Biography

Lucas Louzada Pereira, Instituto Federal do Espírito Santo/IFES, Venda Nova do Imigrante, ES, Brasil.

Doutorando em Engenharia de Produção pela Universidade Federal do Rio Grande Sul, M.Sc Eng de Produção pela UENF. Professor do Instituto Federal de Educação, Ciência e Tecnologia do Espírito Santo, IFES, campus Venda Nova do Imigrante. Trabalho com pesquisas voltadas para o controle de qualidade e produção na agricultura, bem como os processos de inovação e transferência de tecnologia, tendo como pano de fundo a cafeicultura, com enfoque nas abordagens de produção de cafés especiais e micro lotes.

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Published

2021-09-02

How to Cite

DEBONA, D. G.; OLIVEIRA, E. C. da S.; TEN CATEN, C. S.; GUARÇONI, R. C.; MOREIRA, T. R.; MORELI, A. P.; PEREIRA, L. L. Sensory analysis and mid-infrared spectroscopy for discriminating roasted specialty coffees. Coffee Science - ISSN 1984-3909, [S. l.], v. 16, p. e161878, 2021. DOI: 10.25186/.v16i.1878. Disponível em: http://www.coffeescience.ufla.br/index.php/Coffeescience/article/view/1878. Acesso em: 24 jun. 2022.