Hormetics effects of glyphosate on coffee plants – guidelines for coffee

Authors

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.25186/.v16i.1989

Abstract

Glyphosate stands out among non-selective herbicides used for management of weeds in coffee crops due to its favorable physical-chemical, economical, and environmental characteristics. The hormetic effect is the tonic effect of low doses of toxic substances, such as herbicides, on plants. The present study was conducted at the IFSULDEMINAS, Muzambinho campus, Minas Gerais, Brazil, to identify the hormetic effect of glyphosate on coffee seedlings (Coffea arabica cv. Catuaí Vermelho 144), using different low doses of the herbicide. The experiment was conducted in a randomized block design. The treatments consisted of 8 glyphosate herbicide low doses (0, 22.5, 45, 90, 180, 360, 720, and 1,440 g ha-1) distributed in three blocks, containing ten plants per plot, using a two-plant border between treatments, totaling 240 plants. The plant development over time was simulated using non-linear models. Growth models were adjusted using the Lorentz model to analyze the regression with four parameters. Stem diameter, plant height, and total leaf area
were evaluated from 7 to 63 days after the herbicide application. Hormetic effect on the coffee seedlings evaluated was found when using the low doses of 22.5 g ha-1 and 45 g ha-1, and the best effect was found with the low dose of 22.5 g ha-1. Low doses of 300 g ha-1 glyphosate stimulated the sprouting of coffee plants, and this dose is interesting for clonal seedlings.


Key words: Chemical control; Coffea spp.; herbicide; phytotoxicity; low doses.

Author Biography

Gustavo Rabelo Botrel Miranda, Instituto Federal do Sul de Minas Gerais/IFSULDEMINAS, Campus Muzambinho, Muzambinho, MG, Brasil.

1. Produção de mudas 2. Defesa Fitossanitária 3. Engenharia Agrícola 4. Cafeicultura Professor no Instituto Federal de Educação, Ciência e Tecnologia Sul de Minas Gerais (IFSM)- Campus de Muzambinho. Possui graduação em Agronomia pela Universidade Federal de Lavras - UFLA (2003), mestrado em Agronomia (Fitotecnia) pela Universidade Federal de Lavras - UFLA (2005) e doutorado em Agronomia (Agricultura) na Universidade Estadual Paulista Júlio de Mesquita Filho - Faculdade de ciências agronômicas UNESP/FCA, com doutorado sandwich no Instituto Superior de Agronomia da Universidade Técnica de Lisboa (ISA-UTL). Tem experiência na área de Agronomia, com ênfase em tecnologia de aplicação de pesticidas, previsão de impacto ambiental de pesticidas, cafeicultura, desinfestação de substratos, produção de mudas e topografia. Coordenador do Escritório Local de Inovação e Transferência de Tecnologia do IFSULDEMINAS - Campus Muzambinho

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Published

2022-06-09

How to Cite

TERRA, G. M.; TERRA, G. M.; APARECIDO, L. E. O. .; ALMEIDA, C. S.; LOPES-MATTOS, K. L. B.; MIRANDA, G. R. B. Hormetics effects of glyphosate on coffee plants – guidelines for coffee. Coffee Science - ISSN 1984-3909, [S. l.], v. 16, p. e161989, 2022. DOI: 10.25186/.v16i.1989. Disponível em: http://www.coffeescience.ufla.br/index.php/Coffeescience/article/view/1989. Acesso em: 30 sep. 2022.