Implementation of green supply chain management for sustainable agroindustry in coffee processing unit, a case of Indonesia
Waste management, ecological impact, emission, and water and energy usage were common problems in coffee processing. Green cultivation, green processing or manufacturing, and green distribution as a part of green supply chain management (GSCM) which focuses on the environmental aspects, have a strong role to overcome these common problems. The purpose of this research was to study the smallholder coffee processing unit from the green concept approach in supply chain activities. The field survey, direct visit, and in-depth discussion with key persons were used in this study to reach accurate data. Farming activities, processing, and distribution aspects were also evaluated in detail as part of GSCM. The techno-ecological aspect was assessed in this study using certain criteria to determine the potential of GSCM implementation in the study area. The result of the research area found that minimizing water and optimization of processing waste have been implemented to support green processing indicators. Reducing emissions during distribution has a high potential as an effort to reach the green distribution concept. A high score of techno-ecological feasibility analysis shows that the GSCM concept has a strong potential to be implemented in this research area. Improvement activities were strongly required to support the implementation of the GSCM concept to support this small coffee processing unit.
Key words: Ecotechnology; Supply chain; emission; water usage.
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